if by rudyard kipling essay

Your name and your deeds were forgotten Before your bones were dry, And the lie that slew you is buried Under a deeper lie; But the thing that I saw in your face No power can disinherit: No bomb. It is the fact that we are fighting a war, and a very peculiar kind of war, that may make this possible. Its most outstanding exponentthough he was perhaps an extreme case rather if by rudyard kipling essay than a typical onewas. His behavior in response to deleterious events and cruel men is important; he must continue to have faith in himself when others doubt him, he must understand that his words might be twisted and used for evil. What is needed is that the ownership of all major industry shall be formally vested in the State, representing the common people. Even the miners bang their backbones fairly often.

Rudyard Kipling - Wikipedia

The crowd grew very still, and a deep, low, happy sigh, as of people who see the theatre curtain go up at last, breathed from innumerable throats. And though the stories are convincing in their physical detail, they contain very little sensationalismvery few corpses, hardly any blood, no sex crimes, no sadism, no perversions of any kind. It was a very poor quarter, a labyrinth of squalid bamboo huts, thatched with palm-leaf, winding all over a steep hillside. He was further from being one than the most humane or the most 'progressive' person is able to be nowadays. It was a time of labels, slogans, and evasions. To begin with, there is no political development whatever. Swede, Dane, etc.: Kind-hearted, stupid. Dali's recently published Life comes under this heading. There was nothing to talk about except if by rudyard kipling essay the petty gossip of the road, the good and bad spikes, the charitable and uncharitable counties, the iniquities of the police and the Salvation Army. And as I have pointed out, a breach of this kind tends to widen simply because of its existence, the common man becoming more and more anti-poetry, the poet more and more arrogant and unintelligible, until the divorce between.


His poems are full of the charm of buried villages, the nostalgia of place-names, Clunton and Clunbury, Knighton, Ludlow, 'on Wenlock Edge 'in summer time on Bredon thatched roofs and the jingle of smithies, the wild jonquils in the pastures, the. It is quite clear that there are tens and scores of thousands of people to whom every detail of life at a 'posh' public school is wildly thrilling and romantic. We forget these things now, but a quarter of a century ago it was confidently expected that the Russian Revolution would lead to Utopia. Really enter into the Revolution and you must end up as either Rubashov or Gletkin. The final ruin of England could only be accomplished by an English government acting under orders from Berlin.


Rudyard Kipling - Biography and Works

A feature of the last few years is the complete absence of anti-Jew post cards. 'The first morning in our own little home, darling!' he is saying; 'I'll go and get the milk and paper and bring you up a cup of tea.' Inset is a picture of the front doorstep;. It is also clear enough, however, that he changed sides because he saw that the North was going to win; and this tendency to side with the stronger whenever possible, to believe that might must be right, is apparent throughout his career. Of course that is partly true, or battles could not be fought, but 'What have I done for thee, England, my England?' is essentially a middle-class query. For at least eighty years England has artificially prevented the development of India, partly from fear of trade competition if Indian industries were too highly developed, partly because backward peoples are more easily governed than civilised ones. But is it perhaps childish or morbid to terrify oneself with visions of a totalitarian future? Every kind of publication has been sold there without interference. We all began laughing again. Unfortunately at the time when they were appearing I did not see their social significance, and I lost the collection of them that I had, but no doubt copies would still be procurable.


Then he begins terrorizing him into bringing foal and a file: He held me if by rudyard kipling essay by the arms in an upright position on the top of the stone, and went on in these fearful terms: 'You bring me, tomorrow morning early, that file and them wittles. Taking 'middle-class' to mean what Krupskaya might be expected to mean by it, this was probably a truer judgement than those of Chesterton and Jackson. In all the denunciations of Versailles I listened to during those years I don't think I ever once heard the question, 'What would have happened if Germany had won?' even mentioned, let alone discussed. Remarks like 'They can't run me in; I haven't done anything wrong or 'They can't do that; it's against the law are part of the atmosphere of England. The relief is overwhelming. Yet when he looked outwards into the international field, he could forsake his principles without even noticing he was doing. Once again it is the human voice among the bomb-explosions, a friendly American voice, 'innocent of public-spiritedness'. To begin with, no starving and hunted man would speak in the least like that. The Home Guard swells to a million men in a few weeks, and is deliberately organised from above in such a way that only people with private incomes can hold positions of command. They were preferable to the truly modern men, the Nazis and Fascists. By fixing a stick in the ground and watching its shadow Robert notes the exact moment of noon, after which it is a simple matter to work out the longitudefor naturally a man of his calibre would know the longitude of Sydney.


Rudyard Kipling: Poems Study Guide GradeSaver

The monstrosities that he created are still remembered as monstrosities, in spite of getting mixed up in would-be probable melodramas. Hitler will at any rate go down in history as the man who made the City of London laugh on the wrong side of its face. Down THE mine (1937) (from "THE road TO wigan pier Our civilization, pace Chesterton, is founded on coal, more completely than one realizes until one stops to think about. At that time, together with Chums and the old Boy's Own Paper, they were the leading papers for boys, and they remained dominant till quite recently. Here was a Church, an army, an orthodoxy, a discipline. Just why these particular programmes (a small and remote out-flanking movement in the radio war) were instituted there is no need to explain here, but I should add that the fact that we were broadcasting to an Indian audience dictated our technique to some extent.


I was just passing the coppersmiths' booths when somebody noticed that I was lighting a cigarette. There are many jokes turning on malapropisms, illiteracy, dropped aitches and the rough manners of slum dwellers. The arrangement may have been of a much less definite kind, and to judge from the broadcasts themselves, Wodehouse's main idea in making them was to keep in touch with his public andthe comedian's ruling passionto get a laugh. You have not necessarily got rid of the need for something to believe. Psmith is similarly employed, though not from financial necessity. They might almost equally well say that if we fight against Negroes we shall turn black. Even the differences between north and south England loom large in our own eyes. The real quarrel of the Fascist powers with British imperialism is that they know that it is disintegrating. One man, I recall, clung to the bars of hiss cage when we went to take him out. The British police are not like the continental gendarmerie or Gestapo, but I do not think sic one maligns them in saying that, in the past, they have been unfriendly to Left-wing activities.


if by rudyard kipling essay

Rudyard Kipling: Poems If- Summary and Analysis GradeSaver

But why should it? Chesterton and Jackson seem to imply, a 'proletarian' writer. In the end the original story had been buried under the details. That quarter of London is partly Jewish, antisemitism is rife there, and, as I well knew, some of the men sitting round me in the synagogue were tinged. Eliot's pessimism is partly the Christian pessimism, which implies a certain indifference to human misery, partly a lament over the decadence of Western civilization We are the hollow men, we are the stuffed men etc., etc. This is especially true of his refrains, which often have a truly lyrical quality. One is seldom long away from a suspicion of "quaintness something that links up not only with the 'nineties, the Ivory Tower and the "calf covers of pissed-on green but also with Rackham's drawings, Liberty art-fabrics and the Peter. We sold second-hand typewriters, for instance, and also stampsused stamps, I mean. As an ultimate objective he believes in the Earthly Paradise, the Sun State which the gladiators set out to establish, and which has haunted the imagination of Socialists, Anarchists and religious heretics for hundreds of years. But I have followed his work fairly closely since 1911, when I was eight years old, and am well acquainted with its peculiar mental atmospherean atmosphere which has not, of course, remained completely unchanged, but shows little alteration since about 1925. Both of these papers admit a certain amount of sex-interest into their stories, and though certainly read by boys; they are not aimed at them exclusively. It would not be true, even if British democracy were incapable of evolving beyond its present stage.


Whether it was right, as all left-wingers in other countries undoubtedly did, to encourage the Spaniards to go on fighting when they could not win is a question hard to answer. He delights in describing scenes in which the 'dregs' of the population behave with atrocious bestiality. He is an exhibitionist and a careerist, but he is not a fraud. When, for instance, the drunkard seizes the black cat and cuts its eye out with his penknife, one knows exactly why he did it, even to the point of feeling that one would have done the same oneself. And the diversity of it, the chaos! In a lending library you see people's real tastes, not their pretended ones, and one thing that strikes you is how completely the 'classical' English novelists have dropped out of favour.


If by Rudyard Kipling Poetry Foundation

What it amounts to is pessimism of outlook. War is evil, and it is often the lesser evil. As to who will be in that government when it comes, I make no guess. But perhaps these things are also there because Dali can't help drawing that kind of thing because it is to that period and that style of drawing that he really belongs. In them, much more than in ordinary English people, it is unmixed with patriotism and therefore can be studied pure. Some of the incidents in it are flatly incredible, others have been rearranged and romanticised, and not merely the humiliation but the persistent ordinariness of everyday life has been cut out.


The Communists must certainly be regarded as pro-Hitler, and are bound to remain so unless Russian policy changes, but they have not very much influence. The world if by rudyard kipling essay is too much with them. It is Mr Menon's perception of this that gives his book its deepest interest. Papers like the Exchange and Mart, for instance, or Cage-Birds, or the Oracle, or the Prediction, or the Matrimonial Times, only exist because there is a definite demand for them, and they reflect the minds of their readers. Ownership has never been abolished, there are still capitalists and workers, andthis is the important point, and the real reason why rich men all over the world tend to sympathise with Fascismgenerally speaking the same people are capitalists. The point is that in the only way now possible the poet has been brought into a situation in which reading verse aloud seems a natural unembarrassing thing, a normal exchange between man and man. It is possible, for instance, to imagine a paper as thrilling and lively as the Hotspur, but with subject-matter and 'ideology' a little more up to date. How right the working classes are in their 'materialism'! Project Gutenberg Australia, hOME page, fifty Essays by, george Orwell. There is a long passage in the earlier part of Black Spring, in praise of the Middle Ages, which as prose must be one of the most remarkable pieces of writing in recent years, but which displays an attitude.


How the Camel Got His Hump by Rudyard Kipling

We may see German troops marching down Whitehall, but another process, ultimately deadly to the German power-dream, will have been started. And some such outlook is implicit throughout his work. His feelings, in fact, were inexpressible. When he has to find himself lodgings he chooses to settle at Dulwich, because there he will be near a school and will be able to hear the agreeable sound of the ball striking against the bat. Herbert or Ian Hay: but since not enough of these were available, the existing intelligentsia had to be utilised, and the tone and even to some extent the content of official propaganda have been modified accordingly. There is less feeling of creation and growth, less and less emphasis on the cradle, endlessly rocking, more and more emphasis on the teapot, endlessly stewing. There are, for example, Trotskyists who have become simply enemies of the.S.S.R. It assumes great sexual sophistication in its readers (there is a scene, for instance, in which a gangster, presumably of masochistic tendency, has an orgasm in the moment of being knifed and it takes for granted the most complete.


It is right enough, if you interpret it rightly. During five literary generations every enlightened person has despised him, and at the end of that time nine-tenths of those enlightened persons are forgotten and Kipling is in some sense still there. There you are, in the dark, cushioned space that exactly fits you, with yards of blubber between yourself and reality, able to keep up an attitude of the completest indifference, no matter what happens. People know by hearsay that Bill Sikes was a burglar and that Mr Micawber if by rudyard kipling essay had a bald head, just as they know by hearsay that Moses was found in a basket of bulrushes and saw the 'back parts' of the Lord. Yes, there is something distinctive and recognizable in English civilization. And its raw jerry-built discipline is wilting under the creeping realisation that the Blitzkrieg is spent, and the war is coming home to roost." These"tions are not taken from the Cavalry Quarterly but from a series of newspaper articles by.G. Would I like to be a bookseller de métier? Our eyes are directed to Rome, to Byzantium, to Montparnasse, to Mexico, to the Etruscans, to the Subconscious, to the solar plexusto everywhere except the places where things are actually happening.


But at any rate it is certain that with our present social structure we cannot win. The cuckoldry joke is seldom exploited, and there are no references to homosexuality. The picturesque details were too good to be left out. They are inveterate gamblers, drink as much beer as their wages will permit, are devoted to bawdy jokes, and use probably the foulest language in the world. But, because 'obscene' books do not appear very frequently, there is a tendency to lump them together, as a rule quite unjustifiably. They're scum.' I produced arguments to prove him wrong, but he would not listen.


Captains Courageous - Wikipedia

Back to the crazy pavement of Versailles, back to "democracy.e. I fired a third time. With the doubtful exception of David Copperfield (merely Dickens himself one cannot point to a single one of his central characters who is primarily interested in his job. A cruder writer would have made the 'gentleman burglar' a member of the peerage, or at least a baronet. It is a game full of forlorn hopes and sudden dramatic changes of fortune, and its rules are so defined that their interpretation is partly an ethical business. My own favourite has always been Foul Play, which as it happens is not an attack on anything in particular. Stock figuresforeigners seldom or never appear.


if by rudyard kipling essay

In recessional by rudyard Kipling, what does the phrase

It makes it possible for him to be much more nationalisticmore vulgar, more silly, more malignant, more dishonestthat he could ever be on behalf of his native country, or any unit of which he had real knowledge. Wyndham Lewis had said years earlier that the major history of the English language was finished, but he was basing this on different and rather trivial reasons. They can swallow totalitarianism because they have no experience of anything except liberalism. How did you get yours?' 'I left off struggling.' judge: 'You are prevaricating, sir. But this is also the only art that cannot cross frontiers.


The last thing he remembers, when he is shot from behind, is the if by rudyard kipling essay leaves of poplar trees on his father's estate. The one historical fact that is firmly fixed in his mind is that the English won the battle of Waterloo. Like the knife which has had two new blades and three new handles, the upper fringe of English society is still almost what it was in the mid nineteenth century. There were several thousands of them in the town and none of them seemed to have anything to do except stand on street corners and jeer at Europeans. As things are, although the BBC does keep up a feeble show of interest in contemporary literature, it is harder to capture five minutes on the air in which to broadcast a poem than twelve hours in which to disseminate. The exhausted air is sucked out of one shaft by means of fans, and the fresh air enters the other of its own accord. Clennam has been in some unspecified business in China, and later goes into another barely specified business with Doyce; Martin Chuzzlewit is an architect, but does not seem to get much time for practising. Here, perhaps, one gets a glimpse of Dickens's secret imaginative background. But the Negro's rights and lefts crashed through openings that hardly any other fighter could have found. The moody look had gone out of his face quite suddenly. Transferred nationalism (i) communism. The raid was intended to start an uprising among the British expatriate workers in the South African Republic, but there were complications and it was a failure.


In most people his name seems to evoke, at most, a vague memory of 'doing' The Cloister and the Hearth as a school holiday task. (ii) No man ever gets the better of a woman in argument. A child of excellent abilities and with strong powers of observation, quick, eager, delicate, and soon hurt bodily or mentally, it seems wonderful to me that nobody should have made any sign in my behalf. He seldom shut up, though often requested to. Another acre of somebody's valuable slum-property gone west. Obviously outstanding books in this line are Raffles and the Sherlock Holmes stories, which have kept their place when innumerable "problem novels "human documents" and "terrible indictments" of this or that have fallen into deserved oblivion. The relationship between Fascism and the literary intelligentsia badly needs investigating, and Yeats might well be the starting-point. The upper classes were discredited by their appeasement policy and by the disasters of 1940, and a social levelling process appeared to be taking place. If you don't see. But that cannot happen if England has awakened beforehand. If you threw dead donkeys at people, they threw money back. No modern Irish writer, even of the stature of Yeats or Joyce, is completely free from traces of nationalism.


Fifty Orwell Essays - Project Gutenberg Australia

Also, it ought to be emphasized that on its level the moral code of the English boys' papers is a decent one. But obviously it is impossible for Wells if by rudyard kipling essay to accept this. These people always say (as Hitler says in Mein Kampf ) that they started out with no anti-Jewish prejudice but were driven into their present position by mere observation of the facts. But the interpretation I have given above seems more in keeping with the general brutality of the book. From ndly take one of my cigarettes, sir. Dickens had had vivid glimpses of 'low life'life in a debtor's prison, for exampleand he was also a popular novelist and able to write about ordinary people.