political system of india essay

Judges hold office till 65 years of age. There are 28 states and political system of india essay seven Union territories in the country. The country is well-founded on the principles of equality, liberty, human rights and individuals dignity, social justice and separation of religion from politics. A political party can never be referred to as a national party unless it is acknowledged in four states. However, the role of President is of mostly ceremonial as it has no legislative power. The main work of the national congress is making and amending of the law, determining the budget of the government.

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In Indian general elections, it fills political system of india essay more than one-seventh of the seats in India's Parliament and, such is the state's caste-based and sometimes violent politics that many elected politicians face criminal charges. Again, of course, the largest state representation is that of Uttar Pradesh with 31 members. The Lok Sabha was modeled on the British House of Commons but the upper house, Rajya Sabha is modeled from cumulative experience from United States, Australia and Canada. The minor parties participate in the discussions concerning the state affairs and policy implementation while the ruling party takes into consideration the ideas. For instance it is the work of the national people congress to nominate and elect senior officials such as the president and the chairman of the committee of the NPC. Other major political party that is found in India is Baratiya Janata Party, abbreviated as BJP. Indian National Congress (INC) and, bhartiya Janta Party (BJP) are the two biggest political party in India.

The 238 members of this house are elected by the political system of india essay state or territorial agencies according to the number of people while the remainder 12 members are elected by the president basing in the knowledge of their specialization in various fields. Unless the president exercises his power of declaring state of emergency, the lower house may precede the five year term of operation. In May 2019, his party won the general election, giving him a second five-year term as premier. Ministers are then appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Prime Minister and these ministers collectively comprise the Council of Ministers. These individuals are appointed by the national people congress. For instance, communist party of India fights for the recognition of the rights of the Marxist group found in republic of India. Advertisements: Essay on Political Modernization in India!

Political System Of India Abad Agha 195-FSS/bssoc/F12 Sociology International Islamic University Islamabad. The Chief Justice of a High Court is appointed by the President in consultation with the Chief Justice of India and the Governor of the state. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Finally, the president is given the duty to select the Prime Minister (White, 1994). President is the head of the Executive union. Our constitution guarantees to every citizen liberty and equality and also is committed to social justice for those who have been socially, politically and economically deprived for centuries. However if economic prosperity is to occur in India, the political culture is likely to change from the normal. Of these, 233 represent states and union territories and 12 members are nominated by the President. Our constitution has been one of the most amended national documents in the world with more than 80 changes. India opted for a democratic political system and ever since independence has been cherishing the goal of democracy with a federal set-up based on well-formulated and sanctum sanctorum constitution.

Things are different with China since the public policies are designed by the National People Conference. Lok Sabha: The Lok Sabha is composed of representatives of the people chosen by direct election on the basis of universal adult suffrage. The two houses are therefore the socialization agents in India. The first one is normally called Congress and latter BJP in short. Both the upper and lower houses perform similar functions.e. THE judicial branch The Supreme Court is the highest judicial authority in civil, criminal and constitutional cases. One of the houses is the lower house. Child labor in india, abad Agha. Contents, introduction, india - with a population.3 billion and an electorate of around 900 million (2019) - is the world's largest democracy and, for all its faults and flaws, this democratic system stands in marked contrast to the democratic.

Political system of india

Rajya Sabha: The Rajya Sabha consists of 245 members. Since independence in 1947, it has sought to be the governing party of the nation with repeated success. India has a system of multiparty where the parties fight for the interests of the common man. Recommended, common Core: Exploring K-12 Standards, online Course - LinkedIn Learning. The nation is basically the union of 28 states and 7 Union territories that works political system of india essay according to the Indian constitution, which was adopted on the 16th of November 1949. Aggregation of interests of the people is achieved through analyzing various opinions from the people and then identifying the common ideas among them (Almond, Powell, Dalton Strom, 2008).

The Supremacy of the Communist Party of China. Each High Court has powers of superintendence over all courts within its jurisdiction. The Rajya Sabha meets in continuous session and, unlike the Lok Sabha, it is not subject to dissolution. In stark contrast with the current constitution of Japan which has remained unchanged click here, the constitution of India has been one of the most amended national documents in the world with 98 changes in just over 70 years. By far the largest state representation is that of Uttar Pradesh with 80 members. The Indian Congress Party is represented by a hand, while the Bharatiya Janata Party is represented by a lotus.

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Only China, India itself, the United States, and Indonesia have a higher population. In the election of 2014, it stormed to victory, winning 282 seats, an overal majority in parliament. However, unlike Japan where the Liberal Democrat Party has been in power almost continuously click here, Congress has had (usually short) periods out of power, between. Journal of Democracy, 14 (1). Supreme Court: The Supreme Court has original, appellate and advisory jurisdiction. The Supreme Court of India comprises of the Chief Justice and not more than 25 other Judges appointed by the President. The state consisted of citizens, who not only enjoyed liberty and equality, but also freedom of speech and expression of views, and of taking up any economic activity and participation in political processes frankly. However it can be noted that the Indian National Congress has been dominating the Indian politics since its inception in 1885. India is a federal constitutional republic having the President of India as head of state and the Prime Minister ( ) of India as the head of government. It is a well-established and mature, sovereign and democratic nation-state, guaranteeing full citizenship to its people. Congress is the oldest political party and has its origin in the late 19th Century even before the India got Independence and after independence its has ruled India for decades. This is because in the lower house, members are elected directly from the 530 states of India. At that time, two mutually antagonistic politico-economic systems existed: capitalism of the Western Europe and communism of the Eastern Europe.

12 of these members are chosen by the President for their expertise in specific fields of art, literature, science, and social services. In the General Elections now, Congress and the BJP face each other in a few of the 29 States; elsewhere, one of the two national parties faces a regional party. The number of these members is proposed to be 4500. It is significant to note that over the last two and a half decades, there has been a tremendous arousal of political awakening among the socio-cultural communities of the country, which were earlier denied a dignified social position and political participation. Union Territories are administered by the President through an Administrator appointed by him. Indians from other state cant purchase property in. Two other - much smaller - national alliances are a grand alliance of regional parties and a left-front of communist-leaning parties. Some 200 million Muslims live in India and many feel threatened by the growing tide of Hindu nationalism headed by Prime Minister Modi which had led to controversial citizenship-status checks to root out unauthorised migrants in border states. Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism are the religions which are originated here. The ministers then form the Council of Ministers. Each Lok Sabha is formed for a five year term, after which it is automatically dissolved, unless extended by a Proclamation of Emergency which may extend the term in one year increments. High Courts: There are 18 High Courts in the country, three having jurisdiction over more than one state.

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Average election per year-5. This is all testimony to successful continuance of political democracy in the country. The terms of office of the national people congress is five years and for every year there is a convention where the members of the congress gather to discuss ideas. The upper house of the Indian parliament is identified as Rajya Sabha (Goldstein, 1990). It is the 17th largest country by area, the second largest country with population.2 billion and the most populous democracy in the world. Then, the 2014 election was a disaster for the Congress Party. The President appoints the Prime Minister, who is designated by legislators of the political party ( ) or coalition commanding a parliamentary majority. The prime minister is expected to advocate for the best ministers.

At the last election in May 2019, some 900 million citizens were eligible to vote and around 600 million did. (1990).Explaining politics in the Peoples Republic of China: The structural alternative. India is one of the modernized political systems of the world. This is because the national people congress involves the people of China directly in the governance of their country. In a democracy where a significant proportion of the electorate is illiterate, the use of recognisable symbols for political parties is important. Political system comparison between India and China specifically for you for only.05 11/page, learn More, the members of parliament have an obligation to vote for a persistent president. As set out in the Constitution, the maximum size of the Lok Sabha is 552 members, comprising up to 530 members representing people from the states of India, up to 20 members representing people from the Union Territories, and two members. The President may consult the Supreme Court on any question of fact or law of public importance. Even if the growth picture could have been much better (without corruption millions of people have lifted their living standard by benefiting from the economical reforms ( ) since early 1990s. Over the years, India has evolved from a highly centralised state dominated by one political party to an increasingly fragmented nation, more and more influenced by regional parties and more and more governed locally by unstable multi-party alliances. An electoral college is made up of the lawmakers. The Vice-President chairs the upper house called the Rajya Sabha. Advertisements: The political ideology on which the states were grounded was the democracy.

Politics of, india - Wikipedia

The Chinese Quarterly, 163, 700-721. Let's see if we can help you! Indian administration and governance, rajeeKrishnan, indian parliamentary system, prime Point Foundation, Chennai. The ideas from other parties and individuals are welcomed by this party hence the interests of the people are adequately represented. In the upper house, the members are elected indirectly by the president or other legislative units. In May 2014, Narendra Modi, leader of the the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP became PM, having never previously held office at national level. THE executive branch, the head of state in India is the President. Many people criticize and blame Congress party for Indias slow growth in comparison to regional neighbor who also got independence around the same time, when India got it in 1947. In India, political socialization occurs when the president interact with the prime minister in appointment of senior officials.

The head of the government is the Prime Minister who is appointed by the President on the nomination of the majority party in the lower house or Lok Sabha. This system of parliament is known as bicameral where the two houses share the responsibility political system of india essay of making and amending the laws. This helps in developing the spirit of socialism of which the people republic of China relies on this policy. 23 The upper house on the contrary is also referred to as the council of state or Rajya Sabha which consists of 250 members. Recent agitation by Anna Hazare, a Gandhian social worker, against corruption has engulfed the entire nation into rebellious mood. If there is a conflict which cannot be resolved even by the joint committee of the two houses, it is solved in the joint session of the Parliament, where the will of the Lok Sabha almost always prevails.

As a result, for most of political system of india essay its democratic history, the Lok Sabha has been dominated by the Indian Congress Party which has been in power for a great deal of the time. Political system of india, upcoming SlideShare, loading. In the election of 2019, it increasing this tally to 303 seats. It was formed majorly with an aim of fighting for freedom but afterwards it engaged in politics of India and its leadership has rotated within the Gandhi family. Assassination is not uncommon: the revered Mahatma Gandhi in 1948, the Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in 1984, and the Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi in 1991 were all murdered, although it has to be noted that these were not really political. In 2002, when he was chief minister in the state of Gujarat, more than 1,000 people died in inter-communal riots and Modi was accused of complicity in the sectarian slaughter mostly of Muslims. 530 members come from various states in India, while 20 members come from the union territories of India and 2 members are representatives of the English and Indian communities (Almond, 1956). Many political leaders have criminal charges against them. Kingdoms ruled and religion controlled the governing system. Many scandals worth of multi-billion dollars during current Congress government once again have shed light on the wide spread corruption that many Indian associate with Congress party. This democratic system is in place since India got its independence from British government. Below the national level, there are 29 States and seven Union Territories for a total of 36 entities.

Political system comparison between, india and China Sample

Furthermore, people are likely to be independent hence the political parties will decrease in number hence their will be no opposition to the government. Back to home page click here, a short guide TO THE, indian political system. The communist party is a unitary party of china since it is ruling with assistance from other parties. At the other end of the scale, three states have only one representative each. Over the last five years, however, a key question has been political system of india essay the influence on the BJP government of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS the vast conservative Hindu revivalist organisation where Prime Minister Modi started his career as an activist. President term of office is five years. The other major, but more recently-established, political party in India is the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). The current Vice-President is Venkaiah Naidu.

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India has got the post of prime minister who is the head of the government affairs. India is the home of world Four religions- Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, Christianity, Sikhism. As set political system of india essay out in the Constitution, the Rajya Sabhahas has up to 250 members. Chinese Democratization in Perspective: Electorates and Selectorates at the State Level. Name* Description Visibility Others can see my Clipboard. This is because the powers are centered to one supreme body hence there is great unity among the state departments and corporations. State Governments: The system of government in states closely resembles that of the Union. As members of an electoral college, nearly 5,000 members of the national parliament and state legislators are eligible to vote in the election of the President. Hes advocating for a constitutional bill, an ombudsman that would hopefully get India rid off from political and official corruption.

Problems in political system of India and possible remedies

Vice President: The Vice-President is elected in political system of india essay the same way as the President, and holds office for five years. In India, there is a system of multiparty where there are several political parties in the lower and the upper house. The President can return a Parliamentary Bill once for reconsideration and, in times of crisis such as a hung Parliament, the role is pivotal. The political systems in China and India are stable therefore the two countries have developed both econonomically and socially (Wang, 2003). First, a group of individuals from the lower house are expected to nominate the prime minister. However, the lower house is the most powerful in the conflicting matters since it is made up of almost double the number of members found in the upper house (Manion, 2000). London: Pearson Longman publisher. The Australian Journal of Chinese Affairs, 31, 72-97. Judicial System: The Supreme Court is the apex court in the country. State parties are names used to refer to parties that are not acknowledged in either four or more states (Dickson, 2003).

Democracy is the most modernized system. Unmistakably, India and China have gradually developed in the economic sectors due to effective organization in their political systems. The jurisdiction as well as the laws administered by a High Court can be altered both by the Union and State Legislatures. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Many of these amendments have resulted from a long-running dispute involving the Parliament and the Supreme Court over the rights of parliamentary sovereignty as they clash with those of judicial review of laws and constitutional amendments. Since then, no party could wield dominating and dynastic rule in the country. The interests aggregation and the creation of public policy in China are likely to remain the same. Such cases are chaired by the judges. The constitution of India came into force on 26 November 1950 with values such as trinity of justice liberty and equality for all citizens. Terms of office are for six years, with one third of the members facing re-election every two years. The views and suggestion of the people of china are likely to be put into consideration since the supreme organ is the NPC. Most High Courts have only appellate jurisdiction. President can assume any of the functions of the government when there is a failure of constitutional machinery in the state.

Essay on Political Modernization in India

To many Indian, it seems that the criminals are running government. The president does this basing on the guidance from the prime minister. Narendra Modi is a lifelong member of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) or National Volunteer Movement, a vast and and influential Hindu rivalist conservative movement which has been banned three times in India. THE legislative branch, the lower house in the Indian political system is the Lok Sabha or House of the People. Link: Rajya Sabha click here. Legislative functions therefore they share some of their duties. The Legislative Arm of the Union, called Parliament, consists of the President, Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha. As a result of this, people might not be represented adequately in the parliament. The second one is the upper house. The national people congress is therefore a major unit in the administration of the country since it not only provides the people with an opportunity to exercise power over the destiny of their country but also assists the state. The final decision that is made by the ruling party is reached upon consultation with the other eight political parties. It remained the colony of Britain from the mid of 19th century till it became an independent nation in 1947 after struggle for independence that was marked by nonviolent resistance that was led by Mahatma Gandhi.

Get your first paper with 15 OFF, learn More In Dickson (2003.32 there are other eight political parties and some of them include; China Association for Promoting Democracy, China Democratic League, China Democratic National Construction Association, Taiwan Democratic Self Government. This means that there is political system of india essay interaction and consultation between the ruling party and the other eight political parties. It is mandatory that a political party is recognized in four states for it to be called a national party. State parties in India operate in restricted regions and some of them include; Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Goa, Aryana, Punjab etc. Historically only around 55 of those eligible to do so vote in Indian national elections. India is perhaps the biggest and one of the most successful parliamentary democracies in the world. He then leaves the remaining task to the president to select the ministers. President and vice president are usually appointed for the period of 5 years. With the attainment of independence in 1947, India adopted political democracy. Abad Agha, drugs use and addiction, abad Agha. Since the political system is subject to become less democratic, appropriate measures will be taken to create the public policies and also cater for the interests aggregation.