foreign language essay conclusion

Harassment may also include threats, sexual remarks, pejorative labels (i.e., hate speech). There is one exception, when children engage in an adult activity (e.g., fly an airplane the law imposes an adult's duty of care on the child. 1990 aff'd, 967.2d 561 (11thCir. . A particularly disturbing form of harassment is sending a forged e-mail that appears to be from the victim and contains racist remarks, or other embarrassing text, that will tarnish the reputation of the victim. When there is a gap between one's real and one's declared aims, one turns as it were instinctively to long words and exhausted idioms, like a cuttlefish spurting out ink. And the process of learning a foreign language begins to seem less daunting. Science fiction is the best form of fiction. All parents should be required to attend parenting classes before having a child. Anyone with a year or two of English experience is going to have a host of clues and spelling rules-of-thumb, albeit imperfect ones, to help them along. Here's a secret that sinologists won't tell you: A passage in classical Chinese can be understood only if you already know what the passage says in the first place. Of course, there is always the possibility that a computer voyeur will "accidentally" bumble around an unfamiliar system and cause appreciable damage to someone else's files or programs. Again, hard to say, but I would estimate that it takes the average learner several months of hard work to get the basics down.

Writing a Conclusion for a Narrative Essay

Most of the issues in this paper are dealt with at length and with great clarity in both this book and in his Visible Speech: The Diverse Oneness of Writing Systems, Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1989. The distribution of viruses via the Internet permitted a much foreign language essay conclusion more rapid epidemic, so that more computers could be infected in a shorter time than when floppy disks were used to spread the infection. China has had extensive contact with the West in the last few decades, but there is still a vast sea of knowledge and ideas that is not shared by both cultures. C'est du chinois "It's Chinese.e., "It's incomprehensible". Students should not be graded on their handwriting. Another kind of DoS attack uses a so-called "ping of death" to exploit bugs in software on webservers. (Or any form of fiction of your choosing). I will come back to this presently, and I hope that by that time the meaning of what I have said here will have become clearer.

Kennedy, George (1964) "A Minimum Vocabulary in Modern Chinese in Selected Works of George Kennedy, Tien-yi Li (ed. Posting messages in an Internet newsgroup or online bulletin board with a false author's name that is intended to harm the reputation of the real person of that name. Every home should have a robot. The jargon peculiar to Marxist writing ( hyena, hangman, cannibal, petty bourgeois, these gentry, lackey, flunkey, mad dog, White Guard, etc.) consists largely of words translated from Russian, German, or French; but the normal way. The passage is pretty trivial for us to understand, but then we already know English. And you're sunk whether your native language is Chinese or not; contrary to popular myth, Chinese people are not born with the ability to memorize arbitrary squiggles. The right to bear arms is a necessary constitutional amendment. There is a long list of flyblown metaphors which could similarly be got rid of if enough people would interest themselves in the job; and it should also be possible to laugh the not un- formation out. Such bugs often prevent a malicious program from causing more damage; sometimes bugs make a program worse than its foreign language essay conclusion author probably intended. Performance enhancing drugs should be allowed in sports.

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Timidity here will bespeak canker and atrophy of the soul. And the motivation was undeniable, this adolescent had a criminal intent." The above facts are taken from reports at CNN, CBC, cnews, and the sentence is reported. Back See, for., Chen Heqin, "Yutiwen yingyong zihui" Characters used in vernacular literature, Shanghai, 1928. Our civilization is decadent and our language so the argument runs must inevitably share in the general collapse. Modern English, especially written foreign language essay conclusion English, is full of bad habits which spread by imitation and which can be avoided if one is willing to take the necessary trouble.

foreign language essay conclusion

Altering files on that computer could have killed patients, which reminded everyone that hacking was a serious problem. Search user's offices for such data, as many people post their user name and password on the side of their monitor or filing cabinet, where these data can be conveniently seen. The death penalty is an appropriate penalty for certain crimes. I couldn't read an article without looking up about every tenth character, and it was not uncommon for me to foreign language essay conclusion scan the front page of the People's Daily and not be able to completely decipher a single headline. That's an unusual letter, I would have noticed it, I think. Regardless of any benefits to society, a worm or virus is still an un authorized access of a person's computer. The criminals who change or delete data, or who deliberately gobble large amounts of computer resources, have a more sinister motive and are capable of doing immense damage. In December 2000, Mafiaboy, now 16 y old, dropped out of school (after being suspended from school six times since the beginning of that academic year, and failing all of his classes except physical education and was employed at a menial job. The victim computer responds to each ping, but because the zombie computers gave false source addresses for their pings, the victim computer is unable to establish a connection with the zombie computers. Last domino (being not ready for class gained a poor mark).

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Or even a rarely-seen word like "scabbard" or "ragamuffin"? Denning, editor, Computers Under Attack, Addison-Wesley Publishing., 1990. An ad comes on, and I hear the word " amortisseur " several times. Can you imagine a well-educated native English speaker totally forgetting how to write a word like "knee" or "tin can"? Nor does it even imply in every case preferring the Saxon word to the Latin one, though it does imply using the fewest and shortest words that will cover one's meaning. This had to be so, because no modern writer of foreign language essay conclusion the kind I am discussing no one capable of using phrases like objective considerations of contemporary phenomena would ever tabulate his thoughts in that precise and detailed way. Two recent examples were explore every avenue and leave no stone unturned, which were killed by the jeers of a few journalists. So "amortisseur" means "shock absorber".

Of course, this is one of the reasons the study of Chinese is so interesting. Recall the definition of love. Denial of Service (DoS) Attacks. To successfully use a remote computer, any user (including criminals) must have both a valid user name and valid password. However, after about 1975, it became common to enter programs and data from remote terminals (a keyboard and monitor) using a modem and a telephone line. Government, federally registered securities dealer, or foreign bank., prohibiting wire fraud -2, prohibiting malicious mischief, prohibiting stealing of trade secrets, prohibiting interstate transport of stolen, converted, or fraudulently obtained material; does apply to computer data files.S. In the pure, original form, a worm neither deleted nor changed files on the victim's computer the worm simply made multiple copies of itself and sent those copies from the victim's computer, thus clogging disk drives and the Internet with multiple copies of the worm.

Computer Crime

Because east is east and west is west, and the twain have only recently met. Attacking the FBI website is like poking a lion with a stick. From, schriftfestschrift: Essays on Writing and Language in Honor of John DeFrancis on His Eightieth Birthday sino-Platonic Papers,. The driver may have navigated carefully and broken no china, but it should have been obvious to the driver that the mud on the tires would soil the carpets and that the owners would later have to clean up the mess. Then, in August 1983, a group of young hackers in Milwaukee hacked into a computer at the Sloan-Kettering Cancer Institute in New York City. As I have tried to show, modern writing at its worst does not consist in picking out words for the sake of their meaning and inventing images in order to make the meaning clearer. It is sometimes right for the government to restrict freedom of speech.

George Orwell: Politics and the English Language

All museums should be free to the public. Unfortunately, learning this method takes about as much time and practice as learning the Dewey decimal system. That may be, but it is foreign language essay conclusion unprofessional for journalists to write on subjects that they do not personally understand. Because there are too many romanization methods and they all suck. See the New Hampshire DoJ press release. Someone at that time suggested I read The Dream of the Red Chamber and gave me a nice three-volume edition.

Which brings me to the next reason why Chinese is so hard. In considering the actions of Morris, a graduate student at Cornell who released his worm into the Internet, a commission of five Cornell professors said: This was not a simple act of trespass analogous to wandering through someone's unlocked. But one can often be in doubt about the effect of a word or a phrase, and one needs rules that one can rely on when instinct fails. One could keep all of them and still write bad English, but one could not write the kind of stuff that I"d in those five specimens at the beginning of this article. If it is possible to cut a word out, always cut it out. This justification is ludicrous in the context of automobile tires and it is no better in the context of computer security. There is another remedy in civil law, besides damages awarded in tort litigation: a victim can get a temporary restraining order (TRO then an injunction, that enjoins continuance of wrongs (e.g., disclosure of proprietary or private data) that will. Yet inferiority complexes or fear of losing face causes many teachers and students to become unwitting cooperators in a kind of conspiracy of silence wherein everyone pretends that after four years of Chinese the diligent student should be whizzing. That vendor can then develop a patch and, when the patch is ready for public distribution, the vendor can inform system administrators. A French person can usually learn Italian faster than an American, and an average American could probably master German a lot faster than an average Japanese, and. But it is true that there are too many of them, and most of them were designed either by committee or by linguists, or - even worse - by a committee of linguists. Similar issues arise in both: (1) fictitious From: addresses in some unsolicited commercial e-mail, also called spam or junk e-mail, and (2) fictitious source IP addresses in denial of service attacks.

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Beginning with the Melissa virus in 1999, viruses could automatically send e-mail with the victim's name as the alleged source. Someone once said that learning Chinese is "a five-year lesson in humility". Reading comprehension is not simply a matter of knowing a lot of words; one has to get a feeling for how those words combine with other words in a multitude of different contexts. Victims of such attacks include various.S. . In February 2000, he defaced the website of RSA Security in Massachusetts. Iron resolution) has in effect reverted to being an ordinary word and can generally be used without loss of vividness. 9 I could read the article because most of the operative words were basically English: aeropuerto, problema mechanico, un minuto, situacion critica, emergencia, etc.

Because Mafiaboy was a child at the time of his crime, the maximum sentence that he could have received would be incarceration for two years. The political dialects to be found in pamphlets, leading articles, manifestos, White papers and the speeches of undersecretaries do, of course, vary from party to party, but they are all alike in that one almost never finds. But you are not obliged to go to all this trouble. The words democracy, socialism, freedom, patriotic, realistic, justice have each of them several different meanings which cannot be reconciled with one another. It is easier even quicker, once you have the habit to say In my opinion it is not an unjustifiable assumption that than to say I think.

If there is no obvious semantic clue in the radical, and no helpful phonetic component somewhere in the character, you're just sunk. It follows that any struggle against the abuse of language is a sentimental archaism, like preferring candles to electric light or hansom cabs to aeroplanes. 1, if you don't believe this, just ask a Chinese person. ) back 3) One can cure oneself of the not un- formation by memorizing this sentence: A not unblack dog was chasing a not unsmall rabbit across a not ungreen field. Meanwhile, their Chinese counterpart learning English has zoomed ahead to learn cursive script, with time left over to read Moby Dick, or at least Strunk White. Morris was convicted of violating in 1990 and the conviction was upheld.S. Conclusion I could go on and on, but I figure if the reader has bothered to read this far, I'm preaching to the converted, anyway. These five passages have not been picked out because they are especially bad I could have"d far worse if I had chosen but because they illustrate various of the mental vices from which we now suffer. A virile new Britain cannot continue indefinitely to be traduced in the eyes or rather ears, of the world by the effete languors of Langham Place, brazenly masquerading as standard English. Similarly, many crimes involving computers are no different from crimes without computers: the computer is only a tool that a criminal uses to commit a crime. In addition, the passive voice is wherever possible used in preference to the active, and noun constructions are used instead of gerunds ( by examination of instead of by examining ).

Cause and effect essay: outline, format, structure, topics

(Again I use French as my canonical example of an "easy" foreign language.) I wake up one morning in Paris and turn on the radio. Worse, the publicity about security vulnerabilities may encourage additional people to release malicious programs. Traditional criminal law in the USA places a great deal of emphasis on willful or intentional conduct, so such "accidental" damage would not satisfy the traditional requirement of mens rea (literally "guilty mind" or criminal intent). PE should be required of all students throughout middle and high school. Back A phrase taken from an article by Victor Mair with the deceptively boring title " The Need for an Alphabetically Arranged General Usage Dictionary of Mandarin Chinese: A Review Article of Some Recent Dictionaries and Current Lexicographical Projects " ( Sino-Platonic Papers,. By itself, this property of Chinese would be hard enough; it means that, for us non-native speakers, there is this extra, seemingly irrelevant aspect of the sound of a word that you must memorize along with the vowels and consonants. "foens OR OR AN edit OR TO edit OR other wise blue pencil question able DIA LOG just TO KOW TOW TO right wing born again bible thump ING fruit cakown right DIS grace." Imagine how this difference would compound. This may sound sophisticated, but the remote-control programs, and instructions for using them, are readily available from many pro-hacker websites since June 1999.

Every person who tackles Chinese at first has a little trouble believing this aspect of the language. The worm released into the Internet by Robert Morris in Nov 1988 seems to have jolted most computer professionals into realizing that ethics and law are foreign language essay conclusion essential to the computer profession. By this morning's post I have received a pamphlet dealing with conditions in Germany. In that way, the vulnerability is not publicly disclosed for criminals to exploit before the patch is available. Children should not be allowed to drink soda. (Many are even proud of this, in the same way some New Yorkers are actually proud of living in the most unlivable city in America.) Maybe all Chinese people deserve a medal just for being born Chinese. However, some people defend the authors of malicious code by offering one or more of the following justifications: The malicious code exposes security flaws in operating systems and applications software. In November 2000, Mafiaboy's bail was revoked, because he skipped school in violation of a court order. If the speech he is making is one that he is accustomed to make over and over again, he may be almost unconscious of what he is saying, as one is when one utters the responses in church. Underneath this lies the half-conscious belief that language is a natural growth and not an instrument which we shape for our own purposes. Scientists, engineers, professors, businesses, governments, etc. The computer voyeurs, like petty criminals who peek in other people's windows, generally hack into other people's computers for the thrill.

Phrases like a not unjustifiable assumption, leaves much to be desired, would serve no good purpose, a consideration which we should do well to bear in mind, are a continuous temptation, a packet of aspirins always at one's elbow. In March 1997, a young hacker disabled the telephone service at the Worcester, Massachusetts airport for six hours, which disabled the air-traffic control system and other critical services. There are dictionaries of classical Chinese particles, dictionaries of Beijing dialect, dictionaries of chéngyu (four-character idioms dictionaries of xiehouyu (special allegorical two-part sayings dictionaries of yanyu (proverbs dictionaries of Chinese communist terms, dictionaries of Buddhist terms, reverse dictionaries. 1 variant - Multiple causes one effect, thesis statement (mentions the general effect of the situation mentioning three causes that lead to such an effect). One of the earliest reported cases in federal courts in the USA on computer crime was that of Robert Riggs. Professor Lancelot Hogben interglossia ). Beautiful, complex, mysterious - but ridiculous. This attack weakened the entire electronic communications system. I currently have more than twenty Chinese dictionaries of various kinds on my desk, and they all have a specific and distinct use. Mafiaboy pled not guilty. What this means is that when Americans and Chinese get together, there is often not just a language barrier, but an immense cultural barrier as well.

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This is a parody, but not a very gross one. What was going on here? In the 1980s, most hackers committed fraud to get a username and password for a computer account, and then logged on to the computer without proper authorization, and browsed through files, copying some, deleting or altering others. In order to write a professional cause and effect essay it is necessary to understand the term casual chain or domino effect. The first sentence contains six vivid images, and only one phrase (time and chance) that could be called vague. I once had a Chinese friend who had read the first translations of Kafka into Chinese, yet didn't know who Santa Claus was. 11 And if you're serious about a career in Chinese, you'll have to grapple with at least four or five of them, not including the bopomofu phonetic symbols used in Taiwan. A CNN news report posted at 18:44 EST on"s Ron Dick of the FBI's National Infrastructure Protection Center as saying "A 15-year-old kid could launch these attacks. The story goes that someone in the audience, amazed at hearing such youthful cherubs flawlessly singing Bach's uncompromisingly difficult vocal music, asks the choir director, "But how are they able to perform such difficult music?" "Shh - not so loud!". CNN reported that the attack on its website was the first major attack since its website went online in August 1995. It is at this point that the special connection between politics and the debasement of language becomes clear. The proper owner of the site can always close the website temporarily, restore all of the files from backup media, improve the security at the site, and then re-open the site. I was once at a luncheon with three.

Sample Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation Essay - 3797

The sole aim of a metaphor is to call up a visual image. This state of affairs is very disheartening for the student who is impatient to begin feasting on the vast riches of Chinese literature, but must subsist on a bland diet of canned handouts, textbook examples, and carefully edited appetizers for the first few years. You will assign one team this proposition and the opposing team would argue the opposite. I have discussed obscenity on the Internet in my May 1997 essay on law technology and I have nothing further to say about obscenity in this essay on computer crime. Most unauthorized use of a computer is accomplished by a person in his home, who uses a modem to access a remote computer. The inflated style itself is a kind of euphemism. Weak Punishment in USA I have a general concern about the inability of the criminal justice system to either deter criminal conduct or protect society. Of Oriental Studies, University of Pennsylvania). Zong is a phonetic component in some other character, right? The debased language that I have been discussing is in some ways very convenient. One of the most unreasonably difficult things about learning Chinese is that merely learning how to look up a word in the dictionary is about the equivalent of an entire semester of secretarial school. In my opinion, there are good reasons why computer programming (e.g., design of a virus) or hacking qualifies as an "adult activity". I hope that society will recognize the seriousness of computer crime and demand more severe punishment for such criminals.

I open it at random, and here is almost the first sentence I see: The Allies have an opportunity not only of achieving a radical transformation of Germany's social and political structure in such a way as to avoid. If there were nothing else hard about Chinese, the task of learning to write characters alone would put it in the rogues' gallery of hard-to-learn languages. X's work is its peculiar deadness, the reader accepts this as a simple difference opinion. Back 2) Example: Comfort's catholicity of perception and image, strangely Whitmanesque in range, almost the exact opposite in aesthetic compulsion, continues to evoke that trembling atmospheric accumulative hinting at a cruel, an inexorably serene timelessness. 1, February, 1986, Dept. And to this day, I will very occasionally stumble onto a character that I simply can't find at all, even after ten minutes of searching. Again, I'll use French as my canonical "easy language". On, Mafiaboy pleaded guilty to 5 counts of mischief to data and 51 counts of illegal access to computers. The voting age should be lowered.