cause and effect of high blood pressure essay

However, after the age of 55 years, a woman's relative risk of hypertension increases. Having a close family member with high blood pressure also increases your risk of developing. The higher number (systolic) is the pressure when the heart beats. Kidney failure Uncontrolled high blood pressure will cause and effect of high blood pressure essay damage the blood vessels in your kidneys. They should be taken with food or milk. At age 45, more men have hypertension than women. As a result, blood vessels tends to narrow, blood flow decreases and elevates the blood pressure. This condition prevents your kidneys from doing their job of filtering waste from the body, eventually causing kidney failure. According to research, the patients blood pressure will not decrease like others do when asleep. Table of contents, blood pressure is the amount of force that blood exerts on the walls of the arteries as it flows through them. Causes by Weight Being overweight increases the risk of getting hypertension and increases the workload required of your heart. A hypertensive crisis is defined as a systolic rate over 180 or a diastolic rate above 120.

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It can occur as a result of both socioeconomic and psychosocial factors. Calcium channel blockers can be taken alone or with other blood pressure medications. The following are lifestyle changes that may help lower blood pressure : Losing weight if overweight or obese Eating a healthy, low-salt diet Exercise regularly Limit alcohol consumption Quit smoking What Is a Malignant Hypertension? This causes high blood pressure in the portal system. This pumping action creates pressure. The extent of the damage depends on the severity of hypertension and how long it continues without treatment. If a person has high blood pressure, it means that the walls of the arteries are constantly under too much force. High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy Women who do not have high blood pressure before pregnancy may develop gestational hypertension or preeclampsia during pregnancy. Complications Without treatment or control measures, excessive pressure on the artery walls can lead to damage of the blood vessels, which is a form of cardiovascular disease. CDC is not responsible for Section 508 compliance (accessibility) on other federal or private website. What Is High Blood Pressure in Children Although it's most common in older adults, hypertension can also affect children. Children with high blood pressure may benefit from the dash diet and taking medications. Beta-blockers are another drug used to treat hypertension.


Pregnancy: Pregnant women have a higher risk of developing hypertension than women of the cause and effect of high blood pressure essay same age who are not pregnant. Echocardiogram : This device uses ultrasound waves, which show the heart in motion. Later on, symptoms become worse. A recent meal may also temporarily affect blood pressure readings. The cause of most hypertension is unknown. Newborns and very young babies with high blood pressure may experience the following signs and symptoms: a failure to thrive seizures irritability lethargy respiratory distress People with a diagnosis of high blood pressure should get frequent blood pressure checks. Individuals using CCBs may experience the following side effects, which usually resolve after a few days: redness of the skin, usually on the cheeks or neck headaches swollen ankles and feet dizziness fatigue skin rash swollen abdomen, in rare cases. Severe: If blood pressure levels reach 180/120 mm Hg or above, this is a hypertensive crisis. Symptoms of high blood pressure may be present in those who have an extremely high blood pressure. Side effects can include fast pulse, palpitations, dizziness, diarrhea, or headaches. Ethnic background: African-American people have a higher risk of developing hypertension than other people. ACE inhibitors can reduce the blood supply to the kidneys, making them less effective.


If not properly treated, high blood pressure can damage the heart and circulation, lungs, brain, and kidneys without causing noticeable symptoms. If blood pressure is 120/80 mm Hg, it means that the systolic pressure is 120 mm Hg and the diastolic pressure is 80. Preeclampsia is a placental disorder that can increase blood pressure to dangerous levels. Phototake cause and effect of high blood pressure essay Huntstock Val Loh/Photonica Tom Grill/Iconica Stewart Cohen/The Image Bank Foodcollection references: American Heart Association: " High Blood Pressure " Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology Journal: "Alcohol is Bad for Blood Pressure " Dove Medical Press: "Treatment of Prehypertension: Lifestyle. More about high blood pressure). People who regularly drink more than moderate amounts of alcohol will almost always experience elevated blood pressure levels. Red meat, saturated fats, and sweets should be avoided. Taking diuretics means you will urinate more frequently. Coronary artery disease, a condition wherein the artery that supplies blood to the heart's muscle becomes narrow, hindering proper blood flow to the heart.


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Insufficient of potassium means more sodium stay in the body which is a big no-no. This condition affects the arteries in the lungs and the right side of the heart. Causes by Caffeine Caffeine can bring on the jitters, but there is no evidence that it can cause long-term hypertension. What Is Calcium Channel Blockers Medication? Elevated: 120129/80. The following are tips to manage your blood pressure : Take blood pressure medicine, if prescribed to you Increase physical activity (at least 30 minutes five days a week) Maintain a healthy weight Read nutrition labels and consume. That is why its common that elderly develop hypertension. You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. As it is a relatively new medication, healthcare professionals are still determining its optimal use and dosage. Blood pressure is given as a reading of two numbers, such as 110/70. Heres How Hypertension Damages the Circulatory System.


cause and effect of high blood pressure essay

However, most dietitians stress that the problem is the type of fat rather than the amount. This reduces the workload of the heart by requiring less blood and oxygen, which slows cause and effect of high blood pressure essay the heart rate. Smoking, cigarettes and tobacco are not only bad for lung. Blood pressure is likely to fall as a result. An immediate change to the type or dosage of medication may be necessary.


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High Blood Pressure May Damage Your Brain In order for your brain to function properly, it must have a steady supply of oxygen and nutrients from your blood. Check with your doctor if you are currently inactive and want to start exercising. Normal blood pressure is below 120/80. Oral medication will be given once blood pressure has been lowered to a safe level. Some cause and effect of high blood pressure essay people might require a combination of several different medications. When the cuff inflates, it restricts blood flow. The new guidelines eliminate the previous category of prehypertension. A diet that contains lots of unhealthful fats can cause cholesterol to build up in the arteries. See additional information WebMD, LLC. Tell your doctor if you are taking any herbal remedies, since some of these preparations can actually raise blood pressure or interact with your blood pressure medications.


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Blood pressure readings are written in two numbers separated by a line. Muscle-strengthening activities are recommended at least twice a week and stretching makes you more flexible and helps prevent injuries. Pulmonary Hypertension cause and effect of high blood pressure essay Symptoms Symptoms of pulmonary hypertension may not present themselves for months or years. Lets find out here. When an aneurysm ruptures, it may lead to fatal internal bleeding.4. A doctor will often use a manual sphygmomanometer together with a stethoscope. The muscle contracts less strongly, resulting in the widening of the arteries, which leads to reduced blood pressure. You need to discover the real reason that increases your blood pressure, so you can choose the right way to control. Excessive stress might also lead to actions that increase the risk of hypertension, such as consuming larger amounts of alcohol. The heart then pumps oxygen-rich blood around the body to supply the muscles and cells.


High blood pressure may also damage your heart in a number of ways, including:5. Causes by Stress Stress leads to temporary elevations of blood pressure, but there is no proof that stress causes ongoing high blood pressure. Relaxation techniques Some low-quality studies have shown that certain relaxation techniques, including yoga, meditation, and guided breathing, can have a short-term and low-level impact on blood pressure. Diastolic pressure : This is the blood pressure between heartbeats. Stage 2: cause and effect of high blood pressure essay Over 140/90. Certain herbs and supplements may actually worsen your medical problems. When this pressure reaches high levels, it can lead to serious health problems. How to Lower Blood Pressure : Exercise Exercise is another lifestyle factor that can lower blood pressure. By understanding the causes of hypertension and its effects, you may realize the need to lower bp number. The American Heart Association recommends an upper daily limit for sodium consumption of 1,500. African-Americans develop high blood pressure earlier in life and have more difficulty achieving blood pressure goals. Dietary factors and being overweight can also raise blood pressure.


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This device can provide an overview of blood pressure throughout the day and show how it changes as the level of activity varies. The damage caused by high blood pressure starts in your circulatory system, particularly in the arteries. This hormone narrows blood vessels and raises blood pressure. Renin plays a key role in the production of angiotensin I, a protein that the body converts into the hormone angiotensin. This usually occurs in the aorta, the largest artery in your body, but it may also affect other arteries. 5) Renin inhibitors Aliskiren (Tekturna, Rasilez) reduces the production of renin, which is an enzyme that the kidneys produce. What Is a Pulmonary Hypertension? The only way to keep track of your blood pressure is to visit your doctor regularly and have your blood pressure checked. They have conflicting conclusions but agree that moderating caffeine intake is advisable for people with high blood pressure. People often call hypertension the "silent killer" for this reason.


What Is Portal Hypertension? This increase the risk of suffering various complications which will ruin their life. The following are treatments available for pulmonary hypertension: Blood vessel dilators (vasodilators) Endothelin receptor antagonists Sildenafil and tadalafil High -dose calcium channel blockers Soluble guanylate cyclase (SGC) stimulator Anticoagulants Digoxin Diuretics Oxygen Atrial septostomy (open-heart surgery) and transplantation are surgical treatments. Adults who consume more than three drinks in one sitting temporarily increase their blood pressure. It is also one of the side effects of taking hypertension medicines. High blood pressure is more common in older people. That's why it is sometimes referred to as a "silent killer." It's estimated that 1 out of every 5 cause and effect of high blood pressure essay people with high blood pressure aren't aware that they have this major risk factor for strokes and heart attacks. Home Remedies and Treatment It has been shown that meditation and other relaxation techniques can help lower blood pressure. About 60 of all people with diabetes also have hypertension. However, binge drinking can lead to long-term increased blood pressure. As the definition of hypertension is "repeatedly elevated blood pressure a healthcare professional will need to take several readings over a fixed period.


Keeping a food diary can also improve the effectiveness of a weight loss program. Over time, hypertension increases the risk of heart disease, kidney disease, and stroke. Additional tests for high blood pressure The doctor may order the following tests before confirming a hypertension diagnosis. Healthcare professionals call the initial ECG a baseline. Occasionally, conditions of the kidney or adrenal gland are the cause of high blood pressure. Signs and symptoms A person with a headache, nausea, and blurred vision might be experiencing a hypertensive crisis. Thiazide diuretics may cause the following side effects, some of which may persist: low blood potassium, which can affect both kidney and heart function impaired glucose tolerance erectile dysfunction People taking thiazide diuretics should receive regular cause and effect of high blood pressure essay blood and. Talk to your doctor about the medications or supplements you are taking that might affect your blood pressure. Plant sources of fats, such as avocados, nuts, olive oil, and omega oils, are healthful. Children are at higher risk for hypertension if they are overweight, African-American, or if they have a family history of the condition.